The risk of spread to Sweden was described as "very low" as there was yet no evidence that the virus could spread between humansbut they recommended that individuals developing cough or fever after visiting Wuhan should seek medical care, and asked for healthcare professionals to be observant. Since a revision to prepare for the swine flu pandemicthe plan includes the formation of a National Pandemic Group NPG in the event of a possible pandemic.
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The group involves several Swedish government agencies and defines each agency's role. As the Public Health Agency of Swedenheaded by director general Johan Carlson, is the agency responsible of monitoring and preventing the spread of infectious diseases, the agency had a central role in the Swedish response to the pandemic.
They believed that a future pandemic would be inevitable within 5—50 years. Sweden received high rankings regarding prevention of the emergence of a new pathogenearly detection and reporting of an epidemic of international concern and having a low risk environment.
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However, the Swedish healthcare system received a lower score, questioning if it was sufficient and robust enough to treat the sick and protect health workers.
They concluded that Sweden was generally well prepared, with pandemic plans on both national and regional level, but that the health-care system would be the weak link.
COVID-19 pandemic in Sweden
They noted that Swedish hospitals were already under heavy burden, and would not have the capacity to treat everyone who become sick, even when alternative facilities like schools and sports centres were used as hospitals. They also pointed out that issues concerning prioritising, including triagewould become central during the crisis, and that they believed this subject needed to be addressed.
The total number of ICU beds in Swedish hospitals was The field hospitals had a combined capacity of treating Additionally, the Swedish state had several preparedness hospitals and Swedish schools were constructed to be converted into hospital units in case of a military conflict and with a total capacity of treating From and onwards, the system was gradually dismantled to eventually disappear altogether, with the equipment, including more than new ventilators, being either given away or disposed of.
At the start of the COVID pandemic, the Swedish Defence Forces owned 2 medical units with a total of 96 beds, out of which 16 were ICU beds, and there were no civil preparedness storages for medical equipment left in Sweden.
However, a lack of regulations meant that the companies had no incentive to keep a bigger stock than necessary[ citation needed ], effectively leaving Sweden without an entity responsible for medicine preparedness.
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At the start of the pandemic, the Swedish healthcare system were instead relying on a " just-in-time " deliveries of medication and medical equipment, and Sweden had no medicine manufacturing of its own, edsbro dating sweden was considered to make the country's drug bomhus dating sites vulnerable as it relied on global edsbro dating sweden and long supply lines.
The Swedish healthcare system was already experiencing a growing number of backordered drugs in the years leading up to the pandemic. The lack of medicine preparedness had been strongly criticised in several inquiries and reports since by a number of Swedish governmental agencies, including the Swedish National Audit Officethe Swedish Defence Research Agency and the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency.
The latter had regarded disturbances in the drug supply as one of their biggest concerns in their annual risk assessments.